Heroin Addiction Treatment Help-Line: 1-866-851-1619
Opium in Ancient Greece:

At the end of the Bronze Age, about 1100 B . C ., the Egyptians introduced opium to the ancient Greeks, and opium played a prominent role in their society until they were conquered by the Romans one thousand years later. The image of the poppy seedpod can be found in much of the art of the ancient Greeks, as well as on many of the coins and other artifacts from their society. As with most ancient opium-using societies, opium held supernatural connotations for the Greeks because of its seemingly miraculous pain-relieving properties, and much of their mythology contains references to the drug, including those of their oldest surviving poem, Homer's Iliad .

Opium also appears in the medical chronicles of ancient Greece, where it was praised by their earliest physicians, many of whom mistakenly assumed that it cured diseases because it removed the painful symptoms associated with them. The physician Hippocrates, for example, who is widely known as the father of medicine, praised opium's usefulness as a pain reliever and remedy for internal diseases, though he dismissed the widespread notion that it possessed magical attributes. Opium eventually received similarly high praise from some of the great physicians of the Roman Empire, including Galen, who prepared opium remedies for several Roman emperors.

Despite opium's powerful pain-relieving and euphoric properties, however, some ancient Roman physicians and scholars—most notably the well-known scholar Pliny the Elder—recognized its dangers and classified it as a poison, and considered it useful only for performing euthanasia on the terminally ill. They had seen The Illiad opium cause crippling dependency and even lethal overdose in many of its users, and felt that its risks outweighed its medical benefits.

In spite of such warnings, however, widespread opium use continued for the duration of the Roman Empire and made addicts of such historic figures as Marcus Aurelius, the emperor of Rome from A . D . 161 to 180.

Opium use spread throughout much of the world during the early centuries of the second millennium. Opium from the Egyptian fields at Thebes, for example, was introduced to Persia, India, and China by Arab traders, and its use was common in the Middle and Far East by A . D . 1000. High-profile opium casualties occurred in these places as well, including the accidental overdose death in 1037 of the great Arabic physician Avicenna. Avicenna had been an advocate of the healing power of opium during much of his lifetime, having praised it as "the most powerful of stupefacients."

  • heroin overdose deaths on the rise
  • BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Police and doctors believe a local resurgence ...

  • Read More...
  • Man Gets Prison Time For Selling Sugar As Heroin
  • LEBANON, Pa. -- A Lebanon County man was stunned Wednesday ...

  • Read More...
  • Heroin Problem Is Not New To Drug Culture Insiders
  • It has been in the headlines. Last month three Newtown ...

  • Read More...
  • Cops bust heroin dealers
  • JEWETT CITY -- Borough warden Cynthia Kata readily admits she ...

  • Read More...
  • Man sentenced on heroin charge
  • Darryl Winkfield was just looking for someone to give him ...

  • Read More...
  • Pakistan warns of surging heroin supply
  • ISLAMABAD : A senior Pakistan official on Monday claimed that ...

  • Read More...
  • Cops: Heroin, cocaine seized in 2 busts
  • In separate drug busts, Jersey City East and West District ...

  • Read More...
 Fugitive accused of driving with kids in car after taking cocaine.
MIDDLESEX COUNTY,New Jersey —A man charged with child endangerment and possession of cocaine after allegedly ...
 WC meth lab busted
On Saturday, July 19, 2008, Washington County Sheriff’s Office deputies and investigators, as part of ...
 Home meth lab explodes
BROKEN ARROW - Two Broken Arrowans have been arrested in connection with the fire; a ...
 Indictments returned against neighborhood’s meth-making suspects
A Palo Pinto County Grand Jury indicted 10 individuals Wednesday on 10 charges, including five ...
 Couple in prison for meth lab
CASSOPOLIS - Two methamphetamine lab operators were put behind prison bars on Friday morning in ...
 Young man stole stereos to pay for his methadone habit
SOMERSWORTH - The thought of getting arrested for shoplifting didnt enter 22-year-old Chriss mind when ...
 Front line in the fight against heroin addiction
SEABROOK - Paramedic Kevin Janvrin has found them parked in cars outside local stores, in ...
 Escaping the clutches of heroin addiction
SOMERSWORTH - Terri Provencher, a 39-year-old mother and recovering heroin addict from Seabrook, has tried ...
 Drugs Heroin
Mexico Drug Growers Switching to Heroin Monday April 21, 2003 6:49 AM TLAPA DE COMONFORT, Mexico ...
 Parents confront heroin nightmare
By David Wecker Post staff reporter In an extraordinary meeting marked with heated accusations, frustration and ...
 Heroin Addiction
She was the hardest worker they knew. Melissa Lockovitch toiled the 2-10 p.m. shift as ...
 DEA Dismantels Heroin Traffic
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico - Guillermo Gil, U.S. Attorney for the District of Puerto Rico ...